Sumner Evans
Software Engineer at Beeper

# FOSDEM 2023

Posted on in Trip to FOSDEM 2023 • 2374 words • 12 minute read
Tags: Travel, FOSDEM 2023, Matrix, Matrix Community Meetup, HSBXL, Go, NixOS, Brussels

For the first time since 2020, FOSDEM was held in-person in Brussels. FOSDEM is one of the largest gatherings of open source enthusiasts in the world every year. My employer, Beeper, funded my flight, and I decided to attend. It was a great experience! I learned a lot and have a long to-do list of projects to try out. I also really enjoyed interacting with the Matrix community and reconnect with many of the people who I’d met at the Matrix Community Summit in Berlin last year and meet a bunch new people as well.

## The Matrix Community Meetup

The conference was Saturday and Sunday, but there was also a Matrix Community Meetup on Friday that I attended at HSBXL.

HSBXL is a hackerspace in a nearly-abandoned building in a very convenient location in the heart of Brussels. They were gracious enough to host the meetup. Yan (who was one of the organizers of the Berlin summit) and Kim (who attended the Berlin summit) did a great job organizing the meetup. Famedly and Nordeck graciously funded pizza and drinks for the event.

The meetup was a great success. By the time I arrived at HSBXL a few minutes after 13:00, there were already a couple dozen people there, and throughout the afternoon the number of people in attendance at least doubled if not tripled.

The meeting was organized as a barcamp, but I think that most of the discussion groups ended up morphing into topics other than the one intended and/or other adhoc discussions began.

The most valuable part of the barcamp-style is the introductions round at the beginning where everyone in attendance quickly introduces themselves and mentions who they were, why they were interested in Matrix, and what they were interested in discussing. I was excited to put faces on many of the MXIDs that I interact with online.

One of the discussions that I took part in was about sliding sync which is a proposal for a new way to sync data from Matrix servers to Matrix clients. Kegan is the main architect behind the MSC and he answered many questions about the proposal and we had interesting discussions about some of its benefits and limitations.

Throughout the afternoon and evening I got into a variety of conversations with various great people. I was especially happy to get to meet Marcel, Timo, Andrew, and Ben in-person because they are very active in the community and I’d only ever interacted with them online. I was also happy to reconnect with Nico, Kim, Yan, Christian, networkException, Shine, Dominik, Phillip, Jannik, and others who I’d met at the Berlin summit.

After the event was over, a group of us headed out for burgers. It was a great opportunity to get to get to know some more cool people and hear about their connection to the Matrix ecosystem.

## It’s Go Time!

On Saturday, there was no scheduled Matrix talks, but there were many other interesting dev rooms at FOSDEM. Getting to Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB) via the tram was an adventure, though. There were so many people going towards FOSDEM that the tram was totally full and I had to squeeze in! After finally arriving there, I went to get my FOSDEM t-shirt (if you don’t get the shirt, did you even go?) and then I headed over to the Go dev room.

I’ve been using Go fairly extensively at work, and even did last year’s Advent of Code in Go. The first talk was what’s changed in Go since the last in-person FOSDEM. I only really started programming in Go seriously last year, and I wrote my first Go program only about two years ago, so it was interesting to hear from someone who has been around for much longer than that. The thing that struck me the most was the fact that not much in the core language had actually changed. Go is very cautious about changing the core language which is quite nice in my opinion.

The standard library has had more changes, and especially interesting to me was the ability to wrap multiple errors using the errors package. I was unaware of being able to wrap any errors, so I am going to definitely have to look into how to utilize that functionality in my projects.

Also of interest was the crypto/ecdh package which adds support for Elliptic Curve Diffie-Hellman key exchanges. Although the primitives already existed in crypto/elliptic, this is a nice standard implementation. Since the Matrix encryption protocol makes heavy use of ECDH key exchanges, I think there’s potential for integrating usage of this package into Matrix projects such as the Go re-implementation of the Olm protocol go-olm.

The next talk was about some techniques to write cleaner Go code. A few of the ideas were really interesting things that I hadn’t thought of before. I was especially interested in the “line of sight” heuristic for good code structure: the happy path should be aligned on the left, and the error handling should be indented.

Another pattern that I thought was interesting was reducing “mysterious boolean” arguments by giving them names. Since creating new types is free, you can improve the readability of the code calling a function that accepts booleans by instead accepting a new type that is an alias for bool:

type EnableWebhookOption bool

const (
WebhookEnabled  EnableWebhookOption = true
WebhookDisabled EnableWebhookOption = false
)

func Setup(name string, webhookEnabled WebhookEnabled) {
...
}

// later
Setup(name, WebhookDisabled)


I took a break for a couple of talks and got an early lunch at one of the food trucks that was in the ULB plaza.

When I came back, I watched a couple talks on optimizing Go code including one about how to use string interning to reduce memory usage of Go programs. The second one talked about benchmarking techniques, and I learned about how to use the testing.B type. I once again left the dev room and wandered over to the sponsor hall to say hi to the people at the Matrix Foundation table.

Eventually I ventured back to the dev room. In between two of the talks, I heard a voice behind me that sounded very familiar, but I couldn’t quite place it. When I turned around to look, the person from whom the voice was originating was wearing a Go Time podcast t-shirt and realized it was one of the hosts of the show! It turned out to be Mat Ryer. It was fun meeting someone who I’ve spent many hours listening to in the car in real life!

Towards the end of the day, there was a talk by Ronna Steinberg asking the question: is Go object oriented? She provided arguments for why it is and why it is not object oriented, and I will have to say both arguments are quite convincing. Go does not have inheritance and polymorphism in the same way that languages like Java do, but it does have methods and a way of doing duck typing.

In my mind, object oriented programming has a lot of baggage these days because of Java. However many of the concepts from OOP are extremely valuable and Go has learned a lot from those concepts (although its implementation may not resemble what people imagine of when they think about OOP).

At the very end of the day, there were a few lightning talks. Kegan Dougal (one of the engineers at Element that I met last night) gave a quick talk about the runtime/trace package which can be used to understand the performance of Go programs.

I really enjoyed the Go dev room. Maartje did a great job running the room, and I learned some interesting techniques that I can try and apply in my projects.

In the evening, a bunch of us Matrix folks went out Arion, a Belgian restaurant. We basically took over one side of the restaurant. I ended up at a large table and one of the people at my table was Daniel who is a fellow Matrix and NixOS enthusiast. We’d met earlier in the day briefly, but it was cool to talk to him in person since we’d interacted with one another in multiple different online communities.

I also spent a while talking with Andrew, Ben, Kegan, and Florian about what Beeper is working on and ways we can collaborate with Element on common projects such as the complement test suite. It was great spend time with them in person, and now when I interact with them online, I have a much better understanding of who they are.

## Entering the Matrix

On Sunday, I took a different route on a much less crowded bus and was able to make it to the ULB campus in time for the start of the Matrix dev room. I even had time to get a chocolate-covered Belgian waffle for breakfast! (It was delicious.)

At the beginning of the Matrix devroom, Matthew and Amandine presented a short talk about the overall Matrix ecosystem including this quite exciting graph of Matrix’ growth.

I’m fairly connected with the happenings within the Matrix ecosystem, but it was great to hear about the cool things that people are working on. For example, Kegan talked about his work on Sliding Sync which intends to provide a more configurable interface for clients to retrieve data from the server. Kim and Oliver from Nordeck demoed some of their work on Matrix widgets and how they have been able to leverage them to extend Matrix to suit their needs as well as the needs of their clients.

At the end of the morning, Yan (who had MC’d the dev room all day) presented a talk about a bunch of exciting projects in the Matrix ecosystem that are a bit less well known. The Matrix ecosystem is growing constantly, and there are some excellent community projects that are pushing the boundaries of what can be done with Matrix. For example, outside of the dev room, I ran into Milton and Conor who are working on a really interesting project for using Matrix as the backing store for a web forum.

## NixOS

For the afternoon, I headed over to the NixOS dev room with Daniel. They ran out of room in the dev room (apparently NixOS is very popular!) and we had to wait outside for quite a while before we got inside.

One of the talks that interested me was about using the Nixel language to write Nix expressions. Unfortunately because the talks were so short, the presenter only had enough time to whet my appetite for learning more about the project, which I definitely intend to do!

I was also especially excited to hear the talk by Domen Kožar about direnv.sh which is a way to configure development environments using Nix. I am definitely going to have to look into it and see if it works well for my projects.

## Matrix 2.0

Late in the afternoon in the main auditorium, Matthew presented a talk titled Matrix 2.0 (not related to the spec version) in which he described the active work being done to speed up Matrix: sliding sync and faster joins over federation.

He also talked about some of the interesting fringe projects such as switching to OIDC for authentication, using Matrix as a signalling layer for group video calls, and using Matrix as a signalling layer and system for a metaverse-like environment.

After the Matrix 2.0 presentation finished, I met up with some Matrix folks and we eventually wandered back towards the Matrix table in the sponsors hall and tried to decide on dinner plans.

A large group of us ended up heading towards the Bruxelles-Midi station for dinner, but due to train schedule changes, we had to say goodbye to a few of our group before we got to a restaurant. I hope that I’ll be able to catch up with them at another event soon!

The remaining group went to a Thai Wok restaurant where we had a great time. It’s interactions like these that make travelling to these conferences worth it. The Matrix community is full of wonderful people, and it’s always nice to spend time with everyone.

## See you next time!

Overall, I quite enjoyed my time at FOSDEM, and I have filled my to-do list full of new ideas and concepts to look into. I hope I can return again next year and attend even more fantastic talks.

I also hope that I can see many of the Matrix community members again at another event soon!

As far as the vision that Matthew laid out in his Matrix 2.0 talk, I’m most interested in the interoperable chat aspect. While the rest is flashy and interesting, if Matrix doesn’t become the backbone for interoperable chat, the damage that siloed chat platforms do to personal privacy and data sovereignty will continue to go unchecked. At Beeper, we are trying to make the best chat app ever, and we are doing so on top of the Matrix protocol because we believe in the power of interoperability and openness. But we are by no means the only ones trying to make amazing Matrix chat apps a reality. Matrix is on the brink of becoming the global standard for interoperable chat. This is a once-in-a-generation (maybe once-in-a-lifetime) opportunity to define the future of chat: will it be a horribly privacy-invading, siloed future? Or will it be a glorious interoperable future?

In the words of Ben Parsons, “Matrix is booming!” The community is strong, talented, innovative, and energetic. Let’s take advantage of the momentum we have and strive to build amazing chat apps on top of Matrix to bring even more people into the glorious interoperable future!